Tuesday, February 15, 2011

"Celebrating" Eid -e- Milad -un- Nabi (SAW)

The following are the most relevant excerpts I can extract from this booklet, titled "The ruling concerning the Mawlid an Nabawi - The Celebration of Prophet's Birthday" by Shaikh Saleh Ibn Fawzan Ibn Al-Fawzan (and translated by Shawana A Aziz)

[Btw, the reason why I find the following very convincing is because the sources all go back to Quran and Sunnah. No extra stuff! You are free to disagree with this, but if you do have an open mind, at least go through it before dismissing this at a glance!] Btw.. excellent website: http://qsep.com
The celebration of Mawlid an-Nabawi is from amongst the rejected innovative celebrations, and those who participate in the celebration of Mawlid are of different types;

1. Some simply gather on the occasion and read the story of birth, give speeches and recite poems.
2. Some prepare food and sweets, and distribute it to the attendees.
3. Some commemorate the celebration in the mosques while others in the houses.
4. Some do not limit themselves to the above, they add to it
prohibited actions of mingling between men and women, dancing, singing or acts of Shirk like invoking and calling upon Allah's Messenger , etc.

Translator's Note:
Shaikh Abdul Aziz ibn Baz (rahimahullah) writes in Hukhmul-Ahtafal bil-Mawlid,
“Some (of those who celebrate Mawlid an-Nabawi) believe that the Messenger of Allah visits (the celebrations of) Mawlid. They also stand to greet and welcome the Prophet. This is the greatest falsehood and worst form of ignorance because the Prophet shall never come out of his grave before the Day of Resurrection. He will neither meet/make contactwith any person nor attend their gatherings. Instead, the Prophet shall reside in his grave until the Day of Resurrection while his soul rests with his Lord in the
most exalted and highest place.

Allah says in Soorah al-Muminoon (23): 15-16, "After that, surely you will die. Then (again), youwill be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection." 
The Prophet said, "I am the first one to rise from the grave on the Resurrection Day and I will be the first intercessor and the first one whose intercession is to be accepted."

This Qur'aanic verse and hadeeth prove that the Messenger of Allah and all the deceased will leave their
graves only on the Day of Resurrection and there is a consensus of the scholars on this issue. A Muslim should be aware and not be misled by innovations and superstitions created by ignorant people without any authority from Allah at all.”
The first one to encourage this celebration was King Muzaffar Abu Sa'eed Kaukabouri, the king of Irbil at the end of the sixth century or at the beginning of the seventh century as has been documented by historians like IbnKatheer, Ibn Khalkan and others.

Hafidh Ibn Katheer (rahimahullah) writes in al-Bidayah in reference to Abu Sa'eed Koukabouri,

"He (Abu Sa'eed Koukabouri) used to celebrate Mawlid in the month of Rabei al-Awwal in an appalling way with a huge celebration. Some of those whowitnessed the activities of Muzaffar during few Mawlid celebrations have narrated that he used to offer five thousand grilled heads of sheep, ten thousand chicken, one thousandbowls of cream, and thirty thousand plates of sweets... in those celebrations.

It was said, 'He used to let the Soofis sing from Dhuhr to Fajr, and he would himself dancewith them.'”

The celebration of Mawlid an-Nabawi is prohibited and rejected due to several reasons:

1. The celebration ofMawlid is neither from the Sunnah of Allah's Messenger nor his Caliphs and anything that is not from these, is a prohibited Bidah (innovation). Allah's Messenger said,
"Stick to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of my rightly guided Caliphs, cling to it firmly with your molar teeth. Beware of newly invented matters, for every new matter is an innovation and every innovation is misleading." 

Whosoever performs an act with the intention of achieving closeness to Allah while such an act was neither performed or commanded by Allah's Messenger nor by his Caliphs after him - then performing
such an act constitutes accusing the Messenger of not (correctly/completely) explaining the Deen to the people. Performing this act also amounts to belying the statement of Allah, "This day, I have perfected your religion for you." [Soorah al-Maidah (5): 3]

Such is because (by performing an innovated act) one comes up with something supplementary claiming that it is from the religion while Allah's Messenger did not order us with it.

2. Celebrating Mawlid (birthday) of Allah's Messenger is an imitation of the Christians in their celebrating the birthday of Prophet Eesa , whereas imitating them- especially in matters of their religion - is strictly prohibited, and differing from them is prescribed in the Ahadeeth of Allah's Messenger ,The Prophet said,

"Whoever imitates/resembles a people is one of them." [Musnad Ahmad (2/05) and Abu Dawood (4/314)]

3. Apart from being a Bidah (innovation) and Tashbeeh (imitation) of the Christians - and both of them are prohibited - to the extent that those who participate in this celebration call upon the Prophet , seek his help and chant poems of Shirk in his praise, like Qasidah al-Burdah, and its like. Allah's Messenger has prohibited such forms of exaggeration. The Prophet said,

"Do not exaggerate in me, as the Christians exaggerated about the son of Maryam. I am only a slave, so say 'the slave of Allah and the Messenger of Allah.'" 

[Saheeh al-Bukharee (4/142 -3445)]

4. Celebrating the Bidah of Mawlid opens the door to other innovations and diverts people towards it. We thus find those who participate in such innovations active in reviving the Bidah and lazy in performing the Sunnah, and enraged at the people of Sunnah until all their religion revolves around innovated memories and birthdays.
Allah said, "They worship besides Allah things that hurt them not, nor profit them, and they say, 'These are our intercessors with Allah.'" [Soorah Yunus (10): 18]

"Those who take Awliya (protectors and helpers) besides Him (say),
'We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allah.'"
[Soorah az-Zumar (39): 3]

A doubt - cleared up!
Doubt 1 : Celebration of Mawlid is honoring the Prophet

Honoring the Prophet is in his Ittiba (following); acting upon his commands, refraining from that which he has prohibited and loving him. The adulation of the Prophet is not by innovation, corruption, sin and commemoration of celebrations in memory of his birthday in this undesirablewaybecause it is a sin.
The Sahabah were the ones, who honored Allah's Messenger the most asUrwaibn Mas'ood said to the Quraish,

"O people, by Allah I have visited kings. I went to Caesar, Chosroes and the Negus, but by Allah I have never seen a king whose companions respected him as much as the companions of Muhammad respected Muhammad (SAW).....If he instructed them to do something, they would hasten to do as he commanded. When he performed wudhu, they would almost fight over his water. When he spoke they would lower their voices in his presence; and they did not look him in the eye out of respect for him." [Saheeh al-Bukharee]

Even with this enormous amount of respect and honor for Allah's Messenger , the Sahabah did not commemorate a celebration or carnival on his birthday. If it was a prescribed matter, they would not
have missed it.

Allah's Messenger said, "Whoever amongst you lives (for a long time) will see many differences. I urge you to follow my Sunnah and the way of the rightly-guided Caliphs after me. Hold on to it firmly. Beware of newly-invented matters, for every innovation is misguidance."
[Musnad Ahmad(4/164) and at-Tirmidhee (2676)]


majworld said...

nice post..may b we cud juz read more darood this day..bt its definitely no compulsion or farz thing..

Uni said...

Durood is alright. But making it special and celebrating it especially with lights and what not, is something that cannot be done esp in the light of 'following the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (SAW).

May Allah Guide us all Ameen.

Faizan Chaki said...

well i appreciate your concern in this regard, people should really investigate before following something. It's even related from very authentic sources that the Wiladat of the Prophet Sallallahu Alayihi Wassallam was on 8 Rabbi ul Awwal rather than 12.

Uni said...

@Faizan Chaki
JazakAllah for the comment. Yes, there are disputes on the exact date too and there are many variations in the opinion held by people :)

Thanks for dropping by!

Faizan Chaki said...

my pleasure, and you sure do have a very good and informative blog :)


Uni said...

@Faizan Chaki
Oh, thanks very much indeed :)

Faizan Chaki said...