Tuesday, June 1, 2010

I'm on a roll here.. :S - Creation of Israel

Salam again

This is my fourth post of the day. But since it's after 12 so it's the first post of tomorrow :P. *face falls at once*. I just can't help thinking about Talat Hussain and whether he is okay or not. Rehman Malik assures us that hey, everything is fine and that he has contacted Interpol and they've assured him that they're doing THEIR best to retrieve information about the missing people. How can he be so sure they are pretty okay, is beyond me.

SO anyway, this post is about something which I didn't have much of an idea. Usually, we regard the US as the biggest protector and ally of Israel. But lately, especially now, I have come to realise that this status should be awarded to none other than the country which SET UP Israel in the first place: Britain!

In 1917 Chaim Weizmann, scientist, statesman, and Zionist, persuaded the British government to issue a statement favoring the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. The statement which became known as the Balfour Declaration, was, in part, payment to the Jews for their support of the British against the Turks during World War I. After the war, the League of Nations ratified the declaration and in 1922 appointed Britain to rule in Palestine.
Source: Truman Library 
The series of events unfolded thus:

During World War I, the British sought Jewish support in the fight against Germany. This and support for Zionism from Prime-Minister Lloyd-George[19] led to foreign minister, Lord Balfour making the Balfour Declaration of 1917, stating that the British Government "view[ed] with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people"..."it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine". (Wikipedia)
(Ha!)

After World War I, the League of Nations formally assigned the Palestine mandate to the United Kingdom; endorsing the terms of the Balfour Declaration and additionally requiring the creation of an independent Jewish Agency that would administer Jewish affairs in Palestine. Britain signed an additional treaty with the USA (which did not join the League of Nations) in which the USA endorsed the terms of the mandate. (Wikipedia)


That done, the migrations began. Every Jew wanted to migrate to the Middle east and when this number got too large, Britain panicked, and threw the problem at the UN. 

The negative publicity generated by British attempts to halt Jewish migration to Palestine added to voices in US Congress delaying the Anglo-American loan which was vital to preventing bankruptcy of the British Empire . Fearing a parallel conflict with Britain's Arab allies and subjects at a time when the Empire was severely weakened, the Labour Government decided to refer the Palestine problem to the United Nations. (Wikipedia)

But what could the UN do? Of course it suggested two (read TWO) separate states. We have a historyyyyy of UN following its own resolutions. 

In September 1947, one month after Partition of India, the United Nations Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP) recommended partition in Palestine, a suggestion ratified by the UN General Assembly on November 29, 1947. The result envisaged the creation of two states, one Arab and one Jewish, with the city of Jerusalem to be under the direct administration of the United Nations. (Wikipedia)

So then followed major uprisings of Arabs vs Jews. 

In the early stages 100,000 Palestinian Arabs, mainly the upper classes and the better off fled to neighbouring states. Before May 1948, 150,000 more fled or were evicted during fighting as the Jews slowly overpowered the Arab forces. Jewish preparation for the Arab invasion led to the eviction of hostile Arab communities who controlled access routes. (Wikipedia)

And then, the creation itself!

On May 14, 1948, the last British forces left Haifa, and the Jewish Agency, led by David Ben-Gurion, declared the creation of the State of Israel, in accordance with the 1947 UN Partition Plan. Both superpower leaders, U.S. President  Harry S. Truman and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, immediately recognized the new state.

They couldn't wait could they :S

3 comments:

Salman Latif said...

Another reason why Britan so favored the Zionist organization was that the major banks even back then were ran by Jews around the world. And by favoring them thus, Britain had a chance at financial help from these banks in post-war times.
Also, zionism is still opposed by a significant faction of Jews who consider it too radical, which it is. Of late, even liberals all around the world have cited their opposition to the zionist manifesto which is as rigid as it's racial.

Uni said...

@Salman
Yeah, that's what I read too. Zionism is definitely opposed by a LOT of Jews... shukkar. Jews are a lot closer to Muslims than they would like :P.. in terms of their beliefs, practises etc. The thorn in this bush is zionism :S...and its amazing grand plans.

Uni said...

@Salman
Thanks for dropping by :)